Learn about the types of lamps available on the market and their uses
Each must have adequate lighting environment according to your function. A reading room, for example, must have light fixtures with halogen or electronic, providing a white lighting and leave the environment ideal for reading a book or study.
There aren’t many rules regarding use of each type of lamp and internal or external areas, but some tips help to optimize the result. “Vapour Lamps are not widely used inside the residences due to high power. The remainder can be used in every room in accordance with the specifications of each project, “says Claudia Antonelli, Osram product manager of Brazil.
In environments that require more attention to detail, like the kitchen and service area, it is recommended to use tubular fluorescent bulb, which produces a more homogeneous light, Claudia still remember all environments can use recessed lighting in the ceiling.
Before replacing the incandescent bulbs with fluorescent, in order to save on the electric bill make a careful review. “The worst thing anyone can do is change without any criterion. Larger lamps that light fixture harm vision, “says lighting designer Nidia Borelli.
Below is what the ideal lamp to illuminate each environment:
IRC : 90
Lifetime : 4,000 hours
Features : provides illumination directed with high-gloss light. “The dicróica is a type of halogen bulb that emits hot light, like sunlight, and reflects more light,” says Walter Fioretto Campagnare, Marketing Manager of Startec.
Where should be used: ideal for general illumination, as in living-rooms or dining rooms. It can be used also in spots to highlight objects in the decoration, such as frames and gardens.
IRC : 60 to 90
Lifetime : 12,000 hours
Features : available in different sizes and formats, is cheaper, although limited by low power. “It’s a cold lamp and fluorescent, with technology, is smaller and thinner, and may also be used in fixtures,” says Walter.
Where should be used : for kitchen and laundry area, besides study and offices environments.
IRC : 100
Lifetime : from 2,000 to 4,000 hours
Features : spend more energy, but provides higher light power. According to Walter, the halogen is a hot bulb, more used as decorative item.
Where should be used : ideal for outdoor areas such as gardens, but can be used also in spots and internal fixtures.
IRC : 100
Time of life : 2,000 hours
Features : produces light directed, but without glare.
Where should be used : ideal for punctual and lighting for outdoor areas such as gardens.
Incandescent light bulb
IRC : 100
Lifespan : up to 1,000 hours
Features : with opaque and transparent versions, is the most common type. Offers lower service life and spend more energy compared to the fluorescent lamp, however, has a lower price. “The incandescent light bulb is endangered, because it uses a lot of energy and still exudes warmth. The trend is that she be replaced by fluorescent “, says Walter.
Where should be used : for pending, lamp, ceiling or Wall Sconce.
IRC : 100
Lifetime : 6,000 hours on average
Features : it is a type of halogen lamp with glass more resistant and steam and moisture protection. It’s reflective, with light I need, very shine and definition. “It is much more used in external areas for being a decorative model available in several colors, although not prohibited the use in indoor areas. The problem is that people mistake thinking that the lamp is waterproof, “says Walter.
Where should be used : suitable for humid areas, can be used in external areas to create concentrations of light on objects. Can be used in embed spots, gardens and bathrooms, although not the most usual.
Electronic Compact Fluor Lamp
IRC : 90
Lifetime : 3,000 to 12,000 hours
Features : are electronic lamps that use of 60% to 80% less electricity than conventional incandescent lamps, in addition to offering greater durability. However, your price is higher, because this model comes with the ballast bulb.
Where should be used : ideal for lighting fixtures, lamps, wall sconces or plafons. Can be used inside or outside the home.
IRC : 80
Lifespan : up to 8,000 hours
Features : offers high luminous power with low energy consumption.
Where should be used : widely used in lighting of streets, is ideal for outdoor areas.
IRC : 70
Lifetime: 2,000 to 4,000 hours
Features : in Brazil is not widely used due to your high price. “The Led is a very durable and with less consumption, but your price makes it infeasible to residential use here,” says Walter. But Nidia disagrees. “The Led is the future of lighting. If you look at the cost/benefit ratio, it is not expensive and we’re saving natural resources for the planet, “he says.
Where should be used : for decorative lighting, can be used in lamp and lamp.
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